In all plumbing systems the drain is the workhorse. A drain is needed to allow the flushed water and wastewater to pass and empty into the septic or sewer system. No matter how clean you keep your drains or how careful you are with what goes down them at one time or another they can become clogged. They can become clogged with hair,waste material,food particles,and built-up grease. To help them run clear and clean you can use a home drain cleaning mixture of vinegar and baking soda monthly. When your drain becomes clogged do not use toxic chemicals but instead reach for a plunger to try to unstop the drain. For drains that are seriously clogged you can use a plumbing snake.
One of the best drain cleaning practices for avoiding clogs and having an open clean drain is to use the mixture mentioned above each month. You will need to pour a cup of baking soda into each drain,one at a time,and follow that up with a cup of hot vinegar and three to four quarts of extremely hot water. These three things will cause a chemical reaction that will push any sediment that could cause a clog down the drain trap. The acidic properties of the vinegar will attach some of the hazardous pathogens that could be in the pipes and the baking soda will absorb an odors.
If you do have a clogged drain the perfect drain cleaning tool is the plunger. If you place the plunger over the hold in the drain and pump it several times vigorously it will loosen most clogged drains. Before a plunger can work really well it needs to have good suction. If the clogged drain is in a sink that has overflow holes then you should plug them with a wet rag. To allow for great suction and cover the plunger you should fill the sink with approximately two inches of water if there is little to no water in the sink already.
If using a plunger does not work you can use plunger snake for drain cleaning. It is flexible steel long cable that is wrapped around the crank. To use this tool effectively you will need to remove the drain trap using a wrench. It is located below the sink. You will then need to insert the snake into the drain pipe that leads to the sewer system. You will need to turn it in a clockwise motion. By turning it the narrow coils on the steel cable will grasps debris and hair as it turns.