What Are The Rules And Regulation Of Pickleball?

Now let’s get into some real action and see how the rules apply to the game. First off, all you should understand terms like the kitchen and dink. Of course, you aren’t going to cook pizza or any other food, but kitchen stands for a marked section on both sides of the court. Moreover, when you hit a ball during tournaments or while practicing it’s referred to as dinking.

Pickleball is an exciting game. You get to give high-five as well as dive while playing the game. At first, it may seem complicated, but that’s common to any beginner. But as you progress with your training, you become aggressive as well as master all the rules. You get to enjoy smashing and making some amazing saves.

However, you need to practice on a daily basis or on alternately to master how the game is played. Participate in tournaments to help you develop the much-needed skills. Don’t judge anyone during the competition. They can make you sweat terribly.

The game looks simple, but it can burn several kilocalories from your body. With the running, diving and smashing of the ball, you can lose weight. The game can make you become physically fit. Moreover, you can adopt playing it as a form of exercise to keep your body healthy. Always drink lots of water after the game.www.vandapickleball.com

Beat Your Competition Using These SEO Tips

SEO Puts You In Control Of Profits! More detailswww.reddit.com/r/SEOSimon/
Search engine optimization (SEO) is perhaps the most important internet marketing strategy around. Performing effective SEO on your website can dramatically increase your website’s exposure and the amount or organic, the targeted traffic it receives. This article contains some essential SEO tips for you to utilize on your website today.More infowww.reddit.com/r/SEOSimon/
Nothing will get your in trouble with search engines faster than plagiarizing content for your site. So always be sure that the content you’re writing or accepting from other writers is 100% original and is not found elsewhere on the web. If you or your contributor is rewriting an article, it needs to be completely reworked. The topic can be the same, but the wording cannot.
To encourage searchers to click on your site, make sure that you choose a relevant meta tag for every page of your website. The meta tag is the brief description that appears under your title on the search engine results page, and without it, people may not know what your site is about.
Your website’s header may be the first thing visitors see, but the footer of your website is also equally important. You can use your footer to your advantage and assist spiders as they navigate through your site by duplicating your main navigation and making sure your footer links are redirecting visitors to your site’s most important pages.
To be sure you don’t get dinged by a spam filter on a search engine, don’t have duplicate content within a website. You may be using duplicated content and aren’t even aware of it. Repeating the exact same product description across multiple pages might just be a time-saver for you, but search engines cannot tell the difference between time-saving and spamming.
Use Youtube! Video hits are easily searched for on a video site like Youtube, and you can even embed links to take the viewers back to your website. If you title the video with your keywords and embed it on your website, it will help to bring your ratings up in other search engines.
Using flash files is not a good idea for search engine optimization. Be aware of using flash as it can be very slow to load, and users will get frustrated. In addition, search engine spiders will not read keywords that are found in flash files.
Use Youtube! Video hits are easily searched for on a video site like Youtube, and you can even embed links to take the viewers back to your website. If you title the video with your keywords and embed it on your website, it will help to bring your ratings up in other search engines.
Linking to relevant content on reputable websites can help get you improve your search engine ranking. This is probably the most important linking rule to follow. Search engines pay more attention to links to other sites as opposed to links to other pages on your own site. If you can negotiate a return link to your website in exchange for linking to another person’s site, do so, as this will impact your rank even more.
If you want to increase website traffic without spending money, choose internet marketing strategies that minimize expenses. Blogging and article marketing rely on generating content to attract traffic. Search engine optimization (SEO) is a comparatively, low-cost strategy to increase search engine rankings, without paying for the boost outright.
Even if you do not sell anything directly from your website, you should still pay attention to your ranking in search results. Do not assume that all the people who visit your website look for it deliberately. With a popular website, you could attract media coverage or find new suppliers and employees.
Place your keywords or keyphrases between your Header Tags for search engine optimization. This placement of your keyphrases or keywords between H1, H2, or H3 will help the search engines place you higher. Also, be sure you put your keywords within the first couple of paragraphs on your page.
Keep your website updated with new substantial content. The search engines rank sites higher that are actively being worked on and updated. Sites that stay stagnant without having real content updates added tend to drop off the rankings so make sure you are adding significant additional content on a regular basis.
When you buy a new domain, get your host to forward your old site to it. This allows your users to find your website using their current bookmarks. You also have the ability to place redirect pages onto your former domain, so that users automatically are brought to the new site.
It can be easier than you think to boost your web site’s visibility by optimizing it for the major search engines. As you’ve seen, you don’t have to resort to gimmicks or underhanded tactics to improve your search ranking. Just apply the techniques you’ve learned in this article, and soon your traffic will increase.More detailshttps://www.reddit.com/r/SEOSimon/

Bespoke Dresses for Girls

The increase of the globe of trend when tons of clothing makers are creating a remarkable selection of outfits for customers of all ages. One noteworthy generation is that of the teens who are consistently in search of trendy skirts, suit, and accessories. Be it formal dresses or those in pretty floral prints, the high-low ones or the princess gowns, adolescents now have numerous varieties to choose from.
Cute Dresses for TeensThe designer dresses, example, are among the major attractions that have always allured the young moms from far and wide. Whatever the occasion, the woman will just dazzle in these dresses.
Now, cute dresses for teens can show up diverse shades and colours. The collection can include wear primary shades along with those in pleated fabric, chiffon, polka dots and what not. The halter clothes are no less eye-catching as these can make your little one stand apart in the crowd. What about those dresses with sequin embellishments that carry an ability to make her look the cutest among her pals? Mini frocks have been ruling hearts of parents for generations, and now, the online store collection has developed such amazing variety like Floral Tea Dress, Petal Pink Flower Dress, the Royal Blue Floral Bloom Gown and more. Read more info on this DavidCharles
If your daughter loves green, go with the Jade Green and Gold Party gown. Within this designer dress, she would be the most beautiful lady in ultimate stylish attire. Just get her the right pair of ballerinas and she would stun the audience. Alternatively, the Blue and Silver Opera Gown looks pretty cute, which would lend her a semi-casual look and this too would be a refined addition to her exotic dress collection.
As far as the high-low designer dresses are concerned, these are no doubt fashionable and tend to make the wearer look smarter with contrasting hemlines. A pair of complementing heels will just get her a new variety statement. At casual moments, short dresses play the key role in unlocking that special look of your girl who can also take that liberty to move around freely. So, you see how diversified is the category of dresses for teens. So, why not start shopping online for your girls’ designer dresses and satisfy her wardrobe with something new and stylish?
Formal Outfits for LadiesNothing beats the look of formal outfits on such special occasions where you can actually seize an opportunity to lend your kids that striking look. The Ivory Botanical Princess Gown is a super pick from the collection of proper costumes for girls who will simply steal the limelight. Versatile and comfortable, these formal outfits may be a perfect addition to their closet.
Besides attending special days, there might just be other auspicious occasions like Christening where you will want your daughter to put on something that can complement the event. Why not go for those dresses with modest cuts and long hems? If you are attending art galleries or exhibitions, the Ivory and Gold Flower Girl dress will lend her the look of a diva. A pair of stilettos will simply complete her look.
Prom nights, these are ranked those occasions which your girl will desire for attending. She should look the prettiest and hence, she must consider those outfits featuring show-stopping styles. In this context, the prom-worthy gowns with beaded detailing and jewel panels will just look awesome on her. Even the Cutout gowns will be too good to unfold their beauty on the dancing stage.
Formal dresses for young adult girls also include those with impression laces and embellished bodice that will highlight her secret presence. Ethereal gowns too are known for their effortless beauty that is showered on whoever wears it. Dresses with pastel tones look quite alluring while those with blouson silhouettes can be a wise addition to her exotic wardrobe collection.
Outfits for Young TeensYoung teenagers have a lot to pick from the series of dresses for their wardrobe. Right from party wear dresses to those worn on birthdays, the collection of dresses for young teens is huge. Also, there are dresses with remarkable designs, starting from graceful satin gowns to frilly net ones.Additional info on this David charles Childenswear
Do not forget to get those cute coloured hair accessories to make them look as beautiful as they are.
While you remain in the process to give your gal a fashionable look, you can choose to buy a dress that will keep her comfortable throughout the day. The Ice Blue Flower dress, for instance, will just be that perfect evening dress that sports a nice floral look. While she wears it, she will look quite sophisticated and yet stay comfy at the same time. The Navy Flower Girl Gown is an ideal wedding guest dress that will help her make a captivating presence. Another one is the Sugar Pink and Gold Starlet Gown that is not only stunning to look at but also assures to brighten your children’s presence. The Royal Blue and Gold Occasion Gown is another impressive pick for your daughter who is sure to rock the floor using this wonderful attire.
What’s best about these dresses is that they are meant to complement the wearer on most types of occasions. Well, you can buy online these exclusive designer dresses just through a few clicks.Additional info on this davidcharleschildrenswear.com/
What is vital is to choose the right dress for the right occasion. Moreover, the fabric is also important in terms of one’s comfort. So, it’s you who have to understand whether your girl stays comfortable in silk or cotton, and accordingly, you need to choose the clothes for her. Remember, every occasion has a dress reserved for your child and therefore, you will not find it challenging to buy such exclusive dresses online or on the high street.

How to compare umbrella companies

So how do you go about comparing umbrella companies? This article will show you how…

The use of umbrella companies has become a very attractive prospect for UK-based agency contractors in recent years, not least thanks to the IR35 legislation. However, deciding that this is the right path to take is only the start. Comparing the different options to unearth the best umbrella company for your needs is the only way to find the right solution.

Here’s how to analyse different umbrella companies in style.

Umbrella Company Costs

Your choice of umbrella company is a crucial decision for your career, which is why the financial elements should be top of the agenda. Potential joining fees, along with the structure of any weekly/monthly fees – or gross invoice deductions – must be considered while knowing whether you’ll be charged to take time off work is another key ingredient.

Likewise, you need to know how quickly funds will appear in your bank account following the submission of your invoice. While most umbrella companies will utilise ‘faster payments’, understanding the terms is an essential aspect of your research.

Umbrella Company Pensions

It’s only natural to be primarily focused on the immediate financial implications. However, pensions are one of the few remaining tax breaks on offer to contractors. Understanding whether the umbrella company will contribute to your pension fund can make a world of difference to your long-term financial status. It might not be the very first item on your checklist, but it should feature prominently if you truly wish to find the best umbrella company on the market.

Umbrella CompanyCredentials

The history and reputation of the umbrella company are integral factors. A company that boasts a large network of contractors and has been assessed over tax compliances should always be preferred. Meanwhile, some contractors will only want to work with firms that have been in business for several years as this suggests that they know exactly what they’re doing.

Furthermore, an umbrella company that is listed as a preferred supplier for your chosen recruitment specialist may give you an advantage. Therefore, an appreciation of the business’s place and standing within the market is crucial.

Umbrella Company Technology

In addition to direct financial matters, you should also consider the impacts of time. Any time spent chasing payments or staying organised due to inadequate tech facilities should not be tolerated. The best web technology features should be user-friendly and make life easy as you look to complete timesheets or monitor salary payments and expenses. It additionally helps if the technology used allows you to seek client support from the umbrella company in a speedy fashion.

Recommendations

Nothing screams quality like happy clients, and this is particularly true when dealing with umbrella companies. If other employees and contractors are pleased with the service they are receiving, it’s likely that you’ll be happy with it too.

In addition to recommendations from friends, relatives, and colleagues, you could conduct a little research to see what others are saying about the umbrella company on social media and other websites. Aside from increasing your trust in the good firms, it may warn you about the inadequate services too.

There is a great site that you can visit here with loads more information about thiscompare umbrella companies

Is Auto Glass Repair Free?

If you have a chip or a crack in your windshield, you should fix it now before it has a chance to spread further. The good news? Small areas of damage are often repairable, thereby meaning you can avoid the hassle and expense of replacement – and the even better news, according to https://www.cleardiamondautoglassmesa.com/, this can usually be done for free under your insurance policy!

But is auto glass repair really free? Are there any catches, and will you have to pay an excess amount?

In most cases, the repair is indeed free if you have fully comprehensive insurance and will involve no excess charge. Most insurance policies include auto glass damage cover as standard on comprehensive policies, but this can vary by insurance company, so it’s always worth checking your policy details in full before diving in. Some insurers insist that you use one of their own approved auto glass shops, but you can also often pick which company does the work.

In addition, the auto glass repair shop may be able to liaise with your insurance company and sort out the claim on your behalf. This makes things hassle-free and means you are able to get back behind the wheel more quickly.

Why is auto glass repair free?

The simple answer is that repairing a piece of auto glass costs significantly less than replacing the whole unit with a new one. The repair can be done quickly and at a cost that is far cheaper than a full replacement, and it’s often covered under your insurance, meaning you won’t have to pay out on repair bills.

What are the advantages of auto glass repair?

Auto glass repair is the hassle-free way to fix your auto glass. NWRA says it will strengthen the glass and make your vehicle safe to drive, while removing most of the unsightly blemish – and all this can be done without needing to go through the hassle and expense involved with a replacement. Simply let the auto glass shop do all the hard work and get you back on the road with no fuss.

Are there any drawbacks to auto glass repair?

The first thing to say is that a repair is not always possible – for example, a crack that is larger than a coin or which is directly in the driver’s eye line may require replacement. But assuming that a repair is possible, the process involves very few drawbacks. The glass will be made completely safe, and although a small blemish may be visible in the place where the original damage occurred, this is likely to be only really noticeable under close inspection. There is a small risk that the glass could crack further during the repair process, but this is generally extremely rare.

If your auto glass is damaged, get in touch with your local repair specialist today and take advantage of free auto glass repair through your vehicle insurance policy. Don’t delay – sort it out today! It’s simply not worth putting your safety at risk.

Look Over These Insightful Suggestions For A Healthier Set Of Teeth And Gums

You possess the ability to control how your teeth look. So if at this point with the outcome you are not content, it is time certain refinements were made. As for entrusting everything to your dentist, you simply can’t do that. Adopt a proactive position. Begin working towards a better set of teeth without delay!

Tidy is how your toothbrush really should always remain. What must you do once you are done with brushing? Extensively rinse your toothbrush off, and allow it to air dry. Make sure your toothbrush doesn’t make contact with anything unsafe by making use of a toothbrush holder. Putting your toothbrush in an enclosed container might develop germs. Don’t do this. Every few months don’t forget to obtain a brand-new toothbrush.

Use mouthwash to keep your breath smelling great. It will additionally clean out all the loose debris. Avoid using brands of mouthwash comprising alcohol. They generally dry-out the mouth, and the optimal environment for bacteria that is left behind, can later on result in horrible problems.

Do your older fillings consist of hazardous mercury which might induce damage to other systems of your body? Should your old fillings do, you should really have them replaced. Talk to your dental professional regarding substances in the world that are viewed safer for fillings.

Try your best to eliminate using tobacco products. Periodontal disease could be caused by tobacco smoking, a truth of which a large number of individuals are not actually cognizant of, and which may for several result in tooth-loss. When getting rid of your addiction to tobacco products, you are going to increase the chances of your teeth lasting a lot longer.

You are informed that you require a deep cleaning when you see a dental practitioner. What you need to do is get a second opinion. Be sure that you do need to have this treatment before you get it. At this time there are those dental practices that recommend it because they would like to make more money.

It is important to choose the correct variety of toothbrush. There are specific toothbrushes for children and adults. Find the right one. See to it toothbrush bristles will not be way too hard. A toothbrush package that possesses an ADA insignia on it has been inspected to ensure that the bristles should not damage your gums.

For your teeth’s well-being, cut down on your intake of sugar. How is this particular food item for your teeth? Not good. Drink plenty of water and have it with your meal, if you partake of it. Brushing soon after every time you eat is definitely optimal.

If ever your teeth are supersensitive, a lot of dental practitioners encourage that you use a distinct toothpaste obtainable at the drug store or even discount stores to help seal off the tubules leading to the nerves inside of your teeth. This is the most effective way to resolve the problem once and for all.

Is going to the dentist, brushing and flossing adequate? No, to properly maintain your teeth, you must definitely do even more. What should you do so as to have healthy teeth and a vibrant white smile? You must absolutely bring about certain significant modifications to your life. Keeping away from foods that could stain your teeth is a terrific tactic, and stopping cigarette smoking is going to markedly better your oral health.

Refrain from allowing your child to indulge in a great deal of juice. You do not want to advance the development of dental caries on your daughter or son’s teeth. That is exactly what can occur when the sugars in juice remain on your young person’s teeth throughout the day. Present your daughter or son clean water instead. Squeeze a little bit of lemon into some ice water whenever your boy or girl wants some flavor.

Do you commonly skip flossing just because you are hesitant of how to do it the right way? Have your dental professional show you the proper way to floss. The way to go about flossing will certainly be taught, in addition to the way in which you ought to hold the it.

There’s an ordinary home remedy that will serve to keep your teeth clean. It is known as apple cider vinegar. This specific form of vinegar supplies your mouth with a variety of advantages. It eliminates germs, gets rid of stains, and lightens up your teeth. Employing apple cider vinegar in the morning right before you brush is more efficient. Apple cider vinegar is remarkably cost-effective, therefore, this is an awesome resource with regard to your dental hygiene.You should look here.

Take advantage of the guidelines you have just seen to help make things much easier on yourself as you figure out steps to better look after your teeth. They are waiting on you to manifest the above-mentioned changes. Remember what you’ve gone over, and get started immediately with a strong plan.

Hand Fat Grafting

In patients who are interested in further improving their abdomen, traditional liposuction can be performed on the abdomen after the fat for transfer is removed. The procedure usually takes 1-2 hours. It is important to work closely with your plastic surgeon. Be prepared to discuss your expectations and desired outcome. It is important to make sure all of your questions and concerns are addressed. Aspirin, Motrin, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications, and some over-the-counter herbal medications must be discontinued at least 2 weeks prior to surgery. These and other drugs and substances may cause excess bleeding and bruising. You can usually begin taking them again after a week or so. Your plastic surgeon will discuss this in detail with you and you will also be given a sheet with a list of common medicines to avoid for a short period. Your plastic surgeon will detail the risks associated with surgery.

Following your surgery, small bandages will be applied to your hands. In addition, your abdomen may be wrapped in an elastic bandage or compression garment to minimize swelling. You will be given specific instructions on how to care of your incisions including any medications that you may need to take. Your plastic surgeon’s office will arrange your follow-up. For most plastic surgeons, there are no sutures to remove. It is most common to use absorbable sutures which melt on their own within a few months. You can shower the next day after your procedure but should stay out of the ocean or pool for a week or so. Moderate swelling and bruising can last up to 1 week. Fat graft is not done on the fingers; but the fingers may swell a small amount such that rings should not be worn for a week or so. Complete resolution of swelling may take a few weeks. You may be asked to avoid heavy lifting with the hands for 2 weeks. Most patients are able to drive after a day or so and can return to office work after a 2 or 3 days. The specific risks and the suitability of this cosmetic surgery procedure for you can be determined only at the time of consultation. All surgical procedures have some degree of risk. Minor complications that do not affect the outcome occur occasionally. Major complications are unusual.

The Siberian Cat

Amongst the oldest cat breeds, Siberian is a natural cat and has resided for over a thousand years in the Siberian expanse of Russia. Even though it was brought from the wilderness to chief Russian cities a long time ago, the cat was only introduced in the United States in the last two decades. This recent arrival coupled with the attractive profile has meant that Siberians are still quite rare in the United States and acquiring them is a matter of some patience and expense. They are a large breed and are often likened to the Maine Coon and the Norwegian Forest Cat. Males weigh between fifteen to twenty pounds and females are generally between ten to fifteen pounds in weight.

Siberians come in a variety of colors with tabby being the most common pattern. They have a triple coat with a thick fur, prominent ruff and bushy tail. This is an evolutionary adaptation to withstand the harsh Siberian winters. They are well muscled felines with a stocky physique. Hind legs are slightly longer than front legs. Paws are big and round, possibly to aid the cat in its movement on snow in its native lands. Head is triangular in shape with a rounded muzzle and a cute face.

Siberians are a very athletic breed. They are quite playful and active. They are also known to be able to leap surprising distances both horizontally and vertically. This agility is in contrast to their relatively heavy physical makeup.

Known for their good temperament, Siberian cats are often likened to dogs as regards personality. They greet their humans at door, follow them around the house and try and take part in their activities. They are also comfortable with moving about in vehicles and going for a walk on a leash. Siberians are loyal and affectionate and are also reputed to be good lap cats.

Essential Guide: Understanding Your Cat’s Food Diet

Vet’s Klinic Clinical Director and veterinary practitioner, Jenny Philip BVMS MRCVS, knows the importance of giving your cat a science based natural balanced diet, which gives them the nutrients they need to thrive knows first-hand how deficient some commercially prepared cat food brands can be from a nutritional point of view.

Currently 70% of UK cat owners feed a commercially prepared diet to their cat, of which half feed a mix of wet and dry cat food; the other 30% of owners feed table scraps, raw meat based diets or allow their cats to eat live prey.

Raw and live prey animal cat food diets are potentially very biologically appropriate. However, at home prepared diets are notoriously difficult to balance correctly and can be time consuming and inconvenient for most. Worryingly, a recent study in the US found 84% of these home prepared diets are deficient in multiple nutrients.

Even so, some commercially prepared cat food diet recipes are just as inappropriate; they may well balance better on paper but it only takes a glance at the back of a packet of some of these commercial cat foods to highlight their inadequacies.

For example, take the two best market leading dry cat food brands; the analytical constituents (this is the ingredients in the cat food) read 30-32% protein, 10% fat and 7.5-8.5% ash. What the manufacturer doesn’t need to declare is the carbohydrate content. Most of these dry diets are over 40% carbohydrate and rely on the carbohydrate to create the kibble structure. So why is a high carbohydrate content in a cats diet a concern?

Are Cats Carnivore or Omnivore?

Cats do not need a high carbohydrate diet, in fact it goes against their biological makeup

Cats are biologically different to us; they are classified as obligate carnivores. If you are a ‘Carnivore’ you derive your energy and nutrients from a diet exclusively or mainly from animal tissue. If you are an ‘Obligate Carnivore’ you depend solely on animal tissue as opposed to a facultative carnivore that, in the absence of meat, can choose to use non-animal sources for their nutritional requirements. In contrast, humans are classed as omnivores, deriving their energy from a variety of food sources, and dogs are a topic of controversy and can be classified as either omnivore or facultative carnivores.

The domestic cat’s natural diet consists of small rodents and mammals. On average a prey item is 62% animal derived protein, 10% fat with 14% ash, which is mainly mineral content from bone (see the table below).

Prey Species – Crude Protein% – Fat% – Ash%

  • Mouse – 62 – 11 – 13
  • Rat – 63 – 9 – 14
  • Small Bird – 62 – 9 – 15

This protein rich diet has caused obligate carnivores to evolve with completely different biochemical pathways for processing food and metabolising nutrients when compared to other species we are familiar with such as dogs or ourselves.

Cats Need Protein for Energy, Not Carbohydrates!

The universal source of energy to all cells in any creature is glucose. For humans and dogs glucose is readily available from breaking down the carbohydrate in our diets. However, for carnivores their diet of fat and protein requires them to obtain glucose in a different way. Hence cats have well developed pathways to convert the building blocks of protein, amino acids, into a source of glucose. These pathways exist in humans and dogs but they are part of a collection of pathways to create energy that can be altered dependent on the type of food ingested. For cats, even when a cat has not consumed any protein, their body cells still demand a source of amino acids for energy and, in the absence of dietary protein, they have to start utilising existing body protein, i.e. muscle mass, to maintain normal cell function.

Cats naturally in the wild would consume a high amount of protein in their diet, 62% if they consume a mouse. Comparing this with the commercial diet at 30% it doesn’t take an expert nutritionist to identify a massive discrepancy within their diet!

Don’t All Commercial Cat Foods Contain Protein?

Technically, commercially prepared cat food products do contain protein, but not all protein is created equal. The other important question that needs to be considered is where the protein originates from. Protein in a diet can come from animal tissue but is also found in many vegetables and grains. The only way of determining the source of protein is by analysing the composition (ingredient) list on the back of the packet. The list is ordered by weight in descending order, so to satisfy a cat’s biological requirements, a source of meat-based protein should be first on the list. For the two diets in our example the first three ingredients read: cereals, animal and meat derivatives (10%), vegetable protein extracts. Therefore, the protein declared in these diets is largely derived from non-animal sources. Other than the obvious fact that we have never witnessed a cat with a desire to stalk vegetables, why does this matter?

Cats Need Animal Protein for Health Reasons.

It matters because, cats require specific amino acids and vitamins in their diet, which are essential for normal cell function; some of these can only be obtained naturally from animal tissue. Arginine, Taurine, Cysteine and Methionine are amino acids used in lots of important processes in mammals but cats have to rely on a dietary source making them essential; this is not the case in dogs and humans as they can synthesis these molecules from others. For cats this process is not efficient and their daily requirements are much higher, consequently they utilise them faster than they can be created. Deficiencies can cause serious disease, for example taurine deficiency can cause heart disease and blindness. Commercial diets have to follow strict guidelines to ensure that these molecules are present in adequate amounts and in cases where levels are inadequate, the cat will need to take an artificial supplement to ensure they receive the right level of thee important vitamins and minerals. Surely the more logical and natural approach is simply to feed what the cat naturally requires- meat based protein!

How many of us have seen a black cat that has a reddish brown tinge to their coat?

This is something that many of us may have observed in passing without realising but is a classic example of the effects that a diet deficient in meat can have. Tyrosine is an amino acid only found in animal tissue that cats can’t synthesise themselves. However, it is not a necessity for body function and therefore is not a regulated requirement to be supplemented in commercial diets. Tyrosine is a key component of the pathway that creates melanin, the black pigments responsible for their coat colour; so in a deficient state a black cat turns brown.

Where is your cat’s protein coming from?

Even when animal protein is included in a diet the majority comes from rendered sources. Rendered meat or more commonly named ‘meal’ comes from animal tissue that has been heated for a prolonged time at extreme temperatures and pressures to remove the fat. Rendered meat is on average only 75% digestible. This means that for every 10g of rendered meat consumed only 7.5g can be utilised by the body. When you compare this to some of the new technologies using fresh meat as an ingredient, with 96% digestibility, this protein source certainly looks to be a more favourable ingredient. Furthermore, the carbohydrate content in commercially prepared cat food diets affects digestibility; the higher the carbohydrate content the less digestible the protein. There are several factors contributing to this but predominately carbohydrates accelerate gut transit hence reducing the time available to digest protein in the diet.

More importantly on this topic, as illustrated by the figures above, a cats natural diet does not contain large amounts of carbohydrate, therefore cats have evolved with a reduced ability to process and utilise carbohydrates.

Raw Cat Food – Why It’s the Best Diet For Your Cat, and What Are the Trade-offs For You?

The biggest myth surrounding cat ownership is that cats are worry free, self-contained and self-providing pets that require little or no maintenance. Cats are so good at giving people the impression of independence and self-reliance that people believe they don’t have to provide the highly focused attention to cats that, say, dogs require. The fact of the matter is that cats do require the same attention to detail that any dog does, and maybe even a little more, in some cases. This is especially true when it comes to probing the controversy regarding whether raw cat food is better that canned cat food or kibbles for your feline ward.

It’s a sad thing to look around our country these days and see so many people who have allowed themselves to become overweight and then have to deal with the consequential suffering and ill-health effects of obesity. Diabetes, shortness of breath, constant exhaustion from lugging around so many extra pounds and lowered self-esteem. Of course, the garment industry is singing happy tunes with all the extra thread they have to put together. There’s no shortage of explanations for why this situation has come about, but I think when it comes down to it we can only blame ourselves at the individual level for allowing such a condition to take root. After all, how many pounds overweight does one have to get before they realize that something’s not right and becoming a problem? 10, 20… 50 lbs? And how long does it take to realize that the magic pills, diets, elixirs and effortless, lose-weight-with-no-work-out machines are products being marketed to your ego, to separate you from your bank account, and not to solve your problem? No… the only way to find an ideal normality is with thorough research, discovery and a lot of hard work accompanied with a healthy life style change. But, enough sermonizing about the human condition. This is about cats, their eating habits and raw cat food.

One thing needs to come along with this discussion from the previous paragraph. Most people are not experts in animal nutrition and rely on others to lead them in the right direction. The source for most ‘experts’ available to a person for their daily decision making and selection of choices usually comes to us through the traditional media of radio, newspapers, television and now, the internet. Media offers two kinds of resources. Investigative reporting which is presented in newscasts or opinion pieces, and secondly, the marketing hype that provides commercial broadcast funding. The former is reliable enough to put credence into and might call for further research on your part if it interests you. The latter really only wants you to spend your money with them. That’s not necessarily bad… it does ultimately put people to work and provides many with an adequate, and even comfortable living. Unfortunately, the bottom line is… corporations only have one objective in the end. That is to feed their bottom line. Now recent events have caused many to reconsider the morality behind a corporations goals. But, as long as this market structure is the paradigm for our economy, the ultimate goal for big business will always be to maximize their profit-loss statements towards the profit end of the spectrum, any way they can get away with, and at your expense… literally.

So, what does this have to do with cats and if raw cat food is what you should be feeding them? Simply put, most people rely on the marketing hype to base their decisions regarding the food they feed their pets. Which is exactly the wrong source for basing such a critical decision. Take the cat for example. It’s not only a scientific fact, but a cultural one also, that the cat is described as an obligate carnivore. This defines cats as creatures who derive most of their food nutrients from the animals they hunt and consume (raw cat food). When a cat devours it’s prey, she will eat everything including not only muscle meat, but the brains, organ meat and the stomach and its contents which may consist of grasses and grains. One thing she doesn’t do is fire up a stove and saute or bake her dinner, or prepare a nice sauce to go with it. She eats it raw. Cultural purists use this description as an argument that feeding cats store bought, mass produced canned or dry cat food is doing your cat a disservice by depriving her of the natural nutrients she would normally get in the raw cat food she captures in the wild, and for which she was biologically designed.

Pottenger’s cats
Francis M. Pottenger, Jr. (1901 – 1967) was the son of Francis M. Pottenger, Sr., the physician who co-founded the Pottenger Sanatorium for treatment of tuberculosis in Monrovia, California. Between 1932 and 1942 he conducted what is know as the Pottenger Cat Study. One part of this study was what effect heat had on the nutrient value of raw food. In other words, what happens to food when you cook it.

“Pottenger used donated laboratory cats to test the potency of the adrenal extract hormones he was making. The adrenal glands of these cats were removed for the experiments and Pottenger noted that most of the cats died during or following the operation. He was feeding the cats a supposedly nutritive diet consisting of raw milk, cod liver oil and cooked meat scraps of liver, tripe, sweetbread, brains, heart and muscle.

When the number of donated cats exceeded the supply of food available, Pottenger began ordering raw meat scraps from a local meat packing plant, including organs, meat, and bone; and fed a separate group of cats from this supply. Within months this separate group appeared in better health than the cooked meat group. Their kittens were more energetic and, most interestingly, their post-operative death rate was lower.

At a certain point, he decided to begin a controlled scientific exploration. Pottenger conducted studies involving approximately 900 cats over a period of ten years, with three generations of cats being studied.